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Simple Step Wise Guide for Designing a Building Project

Steps in Projects

Finding correct size of land: 
Select a site which is suitable for you.Things to remember  while selecting site-
Access to Site,Water availability,Electricity and Sewer system also the Environment should be suitable for you.These things are necessary for living .Cost of site should be low as possible .Do the paperwork before commencing work on site.You should obtain approval from the authorities concerned .Paper such as Construction ,Design and Electricity and Water Connection Should be  clear as per laws .The floor Plan should be and can obtained from Town and Country Planning Department as the department may be  different for you in your country or state .Purchase Rural land because its less costly than the urban land..

Measure the Site:
Site is measured in feet or in meters.Area should be calculated as 80% of that area would likely to  be used for Construction of your building .If you don't know how to measure than you can hire a Surveyor or a Building Planner .Surveyor will guide you to construction of building {30x30}ft  area is sufficient for construction of small 3bhk Home.For large construction you should consult construction company or Consultant.The rea should be utilized properly so that no problems should arise after the construction.



Clearing the Site:
Site should be properly leveled and cleared .Manual labor is required if you do not have manual labor than you can hire Excavators or other Mechanical tool .Site should be perfectly leveled and depressions should be filled with soil.Tree and shrubs should be cleared from site.clearance is the final stage in the overall demolition process. finish off the demolition site by clearing away all waste materiel and, where appropriate, prepare the surface for future development.

Leveling the Area
Leveling is process for site clearance .The site should be perfectly leveled otherwise there can be settlement of soil and also building can collapse .You can hire a geologist if the building is costly than other constructions.Are should be flat as possible and should be made horizontal with levels.

Design Or floor Plan.
For online floor plans you can visit floorplanner.com or search for floor plans
Building floor plan is prepared by Engineer and there are various websites which provides floor plans services.The building should be designed for Free Access,Ventilation and ,proper Drainage and Aesthetic Appearance ..From building plan the cost of material and construction is calculated .A rough Estimate should be prepared before construction.The plan should be easy to use and should be obtained from planning department,Hire An Engineer because he is well versed with floor plans.The estimates should be confirming to Latest rates and standards.Mainly two types of estimates are prepared one is Preliminary and second is full Estimate .

Excavation of Foundation:
Now if you have the Estimate and Design of Floor and Building Excavation of soil will be  the next step towards construction of Building.The soil is excavated for about 5 to 6 feet deep so that it could be used for construction of foundation.At first soil is rammed inside the trench and than parallel reinforcement are laid after which 1:2:6 concrete is poured up to depth of 200 mm.which forms a concrete block upon which vertical steel bars are placed and than filled up with concrete .A concrete bed is very essential because it imparts stability to column and saves it from settling.

Additional Features Required In Building 
Superstructure consist of Columns,Doors,Windows,Walls etc.Constructed  after construction of the foundation Beam .Height of super structure should be about 9 to 10 feet .Size of doors and windows should be according to the length of wall.After superstructure you can construct roof or Slab .Roof is for hilly areas and slab is for plain areas but in slab there is poor drainage

Building
Model Home












Installation of various Services
Various services can be installed after construction of Superstructure:
  • Electricity
  • Water supply
  • Sewer connection
  • Bathroom fittings
  • Kitchen fittings
  • Cabinets etc
  • Shelves
  • Roof
Posted by +Naveen Kumar  Also Read: Civil Engineering Websites

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